Seventies Bookmark and Share

Following these developments up untill 1975, psychedelic rock became extremely popular in Turkey, notably the work of guitarist Erkin Koray. After 1976 the changing political and economic climate meant the end for psychedelic rock in Turkey. Although  progressive-styled bands stayed with older performers like Cem Karaca (Safinaz, 1978), Baris Manço and Moğollar (Düm-tek) moving as well towards progressive Anatolian rock style.

Politically the seventies were a rural time in Turkey. Several coups were staged and Turkey carried out an invasion of Cyprus. The fractured political scene and poor economy led to mounting violence between ultranationalists and communists in the streets of Turkey's cities. A final military coup d'état took place in 1980. This development would definitely affect the pop music which ran in parallel with the political and economic situation. Most of those creating works in Anatolian pop would criticize the situation even more severely becoming more and more fierce. In this period, the trend of “Writing Turkish lyrics to foreign songs” would be referred to as “arrangement” and this trend was popular once again.

The situation mid seventies also gave way to the Turkish popscene with two female singers that would turn out to be very influential. Singer Sezen Aksu, along with her close friend and actress Ajda Pekkan, is often credited with laying the true foundations of Turkish pop music in the 1970s. Aksu’s 1976 debut single Olmaz Olsun/Vurdumduymaz (Wish It Never Happened/Insensitive) reached number one in the Turkish charts. Ajda’s succes began when she gave series of Turkish-language concerts with Algerian guitarist Enrico Macias at the Paris Olympia in 1976.

In 1975 Turkey entered the Eurovision for the first time with the song Seninle Bir Dakika by Sedmiha Yanki. Cross with the partcipation of Turkey Greece decided not to enter that year. Yanki ended last and dissappointed by the result Turkey did not enter untill 1978 when the group Nazar (with singer Nilufer) entered with Sevince. Turkey again withdrew from the 1979 contest in Jerusalem, a major disappointment for the selected performers Maria Rita Epik & 21 Peron, who would have performed the song Seviyorum. In 1980 Ajda herself entered with the song 'Petr’ oil'. It would take years however before the European countries got used to the arabesque melodies and Turkey even would stand a chance.