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Turkish popular Music has several building stones. There is the Ottoman classical music (Klâsik Türk Mûsikîsi, Sanat Mûsikîsi, Saray Mûsikîsi) developed in palaces, mosques, and Mevlevi lodges of the Ottoman Empire. In 1934, the government of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk banned Ottoman classical music, though the ban was lifted the following year. Even though the Republic of Turkey has a considerably less multiethnic character than the Ottoman Empire, important performers and composers like Yorgo Bacanos and udi Hrant Kenkulian came from minorities, while favourite Turkish composers include Sadettin Kaynak. Modern Turkish singers of neo-classical music include Münir Nurettin Selçuk, Müzeyyen Senar, Zeki Müren, Bülent Ersoy and Emel Sayın.

On the other hand you had the Turkish folk music (Türk Halk Müziği) has combined the distinct cultural values of all those civilisations which have lived in Anatolia and the Ottoman territories in Europe and Asia. Now, this is an umbrella genre since there are many forms of folk like Türkü (folksongs), Destan (epic) or instrumental dance music like Halay, Bengi, Karşılama or Zeybek.

And last but not least was the traditional music of the Middle East and the raqs sharqi رقص شرقي ("eastern or belly dance") an influence to the forming of Turkish pop music. This influence lay the basis for Arabesque or Arabesk in the 1950s and 1960s. Orhan Gencebay is generally considered the founder of the genre, though he disagrees with the usage of the term. Other well known singers are Müslüm Gürses and Ferdi Tayfur.